Making a N.E.W.  S.T.A.R.T. 2

Temperance is the fifth rung on our ascent on the ladder of the Pyramid to Total Health. In the first part of this presentation of anti-aging strategies we covered the initial steps on the path of regenerative health that should lead us to a ripe and healthy old age. On this path of Renewal you can begin to tread the path at any time and at any age; you do not have to wait to be old before you start to walk this path. You can start at any age to begin on the upward way of attaining and maintaining total health.

 The first rung on the upward way on our Pyramid of Longevity establishes the fact that for a long and truly healthy life we need to pay attention to what we eat and drink. Nutrition is the first key that unlocks the door to a total healthy long life. Let your food be your medicine is our counsel. We also counsel moderate exercise as part of a healthful lifestyle. Following a healthful lifestyle can hold back the aging processes as much as 30 years. Research reveal that exercise slows down the aging process as it strengthens the heart, lowers blood pressure, helps to relieve stress and preserves muscle function amongst other benefits. Adequate exercise can also help you maintain a desirable weight. You don’t need expensive equipment or belong to health club to exercise. Regular brisk walking can provide the benefits of regular exercise. The quality of Water and the quantity we drink influences the aging process. In order to live long and well we need enough water for our bodily processes to work well. Drink enough water to keep the urine pale. When you don’t drink enough water, the body excretes wastes in a much concentrated form, causing undesirable body odor, bad breath and many times unpleasant-smelling urine.  

The fourth rung on the way of Total Health is the necessity of Sunshine in our lives. Sunshine lifts you up, raises your energy levels, improves your quality of sleep and even can boost your fertility, just to mention a few of its benefits.  People getting more sunshine are less likely to get breast, colon or prostate cancer. Combined with active exercise, sunshine is an important ingredient in treating acute and chronic depression.  For thousands of years Sunlight has been known as an efficient germ killer and as a mediator of life.

Temperance is defined as “moderation in action, thought, or feeling and it implies restraint.”  To live a long healthy life on our planet today requires the practice of Temperance in all we do. But what is Temperance?  It has been studied by religious thinkers, philosophers, and more recently, psychologists, particularly in the positive psychology movement as a foundational characteristic of all the moral virtues. It is considered a virtue, a core value that can be seen consistently across time and cultures.  It is considered one of the four cardinal virtues, for it is believed that no virtue could be sustained in the face of inability to control oneself. It is also one of the six main categories of character strengths. Temperance is generally defined by control over excess, so that it has many such overtones, such as abstinence, chastity, modesty, humility, prudence, self-regulation, and forgiveness and mercy; each of these involves restraining some impulse, such as sexual desire, vanity, or anger.
Temperance is here considered as one of the four cardinal virtues. It may be regarded as the righteous habit which makes a man govern his natural appetite for pleasures of the senses in accordance with the norm, prescribed by reason. In one sense, temperance may be regarded as a characteristic of all the moral virtues; the moderation it enjoins is central to each of them.


As mentioned above Temperance is one of the four cardinal virtues; the others being Prudence, Justice, and Fortitude. In one Christian philosophy, there are four cardinal moral virtues: and Temperance in particular is one of the four Cardinal virtues which are, with the three theological virtues, part of the seven Royal or Heavenly virtues.

Prudence – is often associated with wisdom, insight, and knowledge. In this case, the virtue is the ability to judge between virtuous and vicious actions, not only in a general sense, but with regard to appropriate actions at a given time and place.
 Justice – means proper moderation between self-interest and the rights and needs of others.
Courage or Fortitude – highlight forbearance or endurance, and gives the ability to confront fear and uncertainty, or intimidation.
Restraint or Temperance – requires the practice of self-control, abstention or moderation.

The term “cardinal” comes from the Latin cardo or hinge; the cardinal virtues are so called because they are hinges upon which the door of the moral life swings. Temperance limits inordinate desire for major pleasures. Since pleasure follows from all natural activity, the most intense pleasure follows from the most natural activities, particularly the pleasures of food and drink, and of the marital act.  Temperance is the virtue that moderates the desire for pleasure. It regulates every form of enjoyment that comes from the exercise of human volition, and includes all those virtues, that restrains the inordinate movements of our desires or appetites.

Temperance is also is one of the seven Royal virtues. The others are humility, liberality, brotherly love, meekness, chastity, and diligence. They are called capital because all the virtues we humans strive to practice are said to flow from these seven Royal virtues. Temperance is opposed to the capital sin of gluttony.  Temperance is also related to the virtue of continence.  Temperance is one of the 7 Royal virtues that oppose the 7 Deadly Sins. It is opposite of gluttony and can best be described as “moderation” or “practicing self-control”. It has been defined as the righteous control of natural appetite for pleasures of the senses. How this virtue is seen as human in nature is obvious to most. The results often lie in how people perceive us as men and having human characteristics. If we have a strong temperance to never ending temptations that present themselves, those results will be seen by others as being human. But what are the 7 Deadly Sins?  The Seven Deadly Sins, also known as the Capital Vices or Cardinal Sins, is a classification of objectionable vices that have been used since early Christian times to educate and instruct followers concerning fallen humanity’s tendency to sin. The currently recognized version of the list is usually given as wrath, greed, sloth, pride, lust, envy, and gluttony.

*Live longer. Without the constant abuse of gluttonous activity on our bodies (over eating, over smoking, over drinking, over whatever), we stand a much better chance to grow old gracefully and live much longer. Of course, any vice we have in our lives should be done in moderation, if at all, but this goes for any activity – whether it be a traditional vice or something less apparent such as working. Workaholics also have to show good temperance to know when to relax and play.

*Have better health. Being overweight, sick all the time, using too much medication and the like can all be viewed as results of gluttonous activity. Moderation and temperance towards eating and other temptations we are faced with every day may lead to much better health in your life. It could lead to better exercise, better sex, better mental stability, a better marriage, better family relationships, and so on. Having better health is also MUCH better for your wallet!

*Less expense. Exercising moderation, self-control, self-discipline, and temperance all lead to a more frugal lifestyle. It gets very expensive if you have to go to a doctor, chiropractor or psychotherapist every other week to help fix one’s addictions or over-indulgences.

To be temperate is to show moderation and self-restraint. In a world full of enticing indulgences, it is often necessary to find the middle ground.  Temperance is sensible, maybe, but also a bit boring? The energy of Temperance may seem unexciting on the surface, but it is the calm of a hurricane’s eye. All around are swirling winds, but in the center is a still point that brings everything into balance.

Air is the part of the Earth’s atmosphere that humans breathe. It is made up of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen and 1% other substances (including water vapor). Air is the breath of life as we are completely dependent on it for oxygen to operate the powerhouses in each of the trillion cells of our bodies. Air with Sunlight conveys life, vigor, and electrifying energy to every cell in the body. 
Since the human body operates essentially on oxygen, each one of its 100 trillion cells must receive steady, fresh supplies of oxygen or die. How is this done?  Oxygen is picked up in the lungs from the air we breathe, and delivered to the heart which in turn pumps oxygenated red blood cells to all tissues and to every cell in the body. The body needs these well-oxygenated cells and this contributes to overall well-being. Anything that diminishes oxygen supplies to the lungs or its delivery to body cells is detrimental to total health.

Air molecules can be positively or negatively-charged. Polluted air is usually full of positive ions. It is commonly found on expressways, freeways, at airports, industrial factories and in closed, poorly-ventilated areas. Air containing an abundance of negative ions is plentiful around lakes, in forests, near rivers and waterfalls, at sea-shores and after a rainstorm. Air containing negative ions is to be desired as it is refreshing and gives people a lift. Trees houseplants eat many toxic pollutants and freshen the air with oxygen: they boost the air with extra negative ions. The combination of bad air and poor breathing habits pose severe health problems to multitudes across our World and could contribute to shorten life.


Air pollution or ‘Bad Air’ is the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or cause damage to the natural environment.

The World Health Organization states that 2.4 million people die each year from causes directly attributable to air pollution, with 1.5 million of these deaths attributable to indoor air pollution. Epidemiological studies suggest that more than 500,000 Americans die each year from cardiopulmonary disease linked to breathing fine particle air pollution.   A study by the University of Birmingham has shown a strong correlation between pneumonia related deaths and air pollution from motor vehicles. Worldwide, more deaths per year are linked to air pollution than to automobile accidents.

How does polluted air affect people?

Recent research reveal that people who continuously live in air-polluted areas exhibit symptoms that vary from burning eyes, sore throats, coughing, itching, to headaches, sluggishness, nausea, dizziness, feelings of exhaustion and suffer often from depression. This cluster of symptoms is sometimes referred to as “sick building syndrome.”

Oxygen is vital to each of the trillion cells that make up our bodies.  Bad air and poor breathing can promote negative emotions such as depression and irritability. The combination of bad air and poor breathing habits can also cause headaches and chronic feelings of fatigue and constant exhaustions or easily getting tired and losing concentration.

Take a minute to try this simple breathing exercise, which will refresh and energize you whenever you feel rundown.
Stand or sit with your back straight. Exhale deeply through your mouth. Now, draw the air back into your lungs. As you do, imagine it going right down into your belly, filling it. Feel your stomach expand as you inhale.
When your lungs are full, slowly begin to exhale. Tighten the muscles of your belly as you gently push the last bit of air out.
Repeat the process, slowly, five or six times.
Do this exercise when you wake in the morning and several times during the day. If possible, step outdoors into the fresh air. Refresh body and mind by giving yourself a caffeine-free Vitamin O2 boost.

Rest and Relaxation are necessities of a balanced and healthy life. Life for many could be fast-paced, exciting and exhausting resulting in insomnia or lack of proper sleep. Besides always feeling tired or a general lack of energy now known as Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), there is also increase in irritability, tempers get short, patience is thrown out of the window when you do not have proper rest and sleep. Everything requires so much more effort when fatigue due to insufficient rest sets in. Fatigue sabotages creativity, judgment suffers and efficiency goes down.  Many Road Safety Boards across the World record high car crashes, causing deaths and injuries are caused each year by drowsy drivers.  Fatigue can culminate in exhaustion and full scale depression.
Rest allows your body to renew itself. During sleep waste products are removed, repairs are effected, enzymes and hormones are replenished; energy is restored.  Rest aids in the healing of injuries, fighting off infections and other assaults on the body. Rest strengthens your body’s immune system, helping protection from disease. Stress due to emotional challenges is also healed with proper good rest.
Proper rest can add lengths to your life. Recent research reveal that people who regularly slept seven to eight hours each night had lower death rates than those who averaged either less than seven hours  or who slept longer.


It’s not only how much you sleep, but when and how regularly you go to bed. People need different kinds of rest but basic is a relaxing restful sleep. Newborn babies can sleep from 16 to 20 hours while young children need 10 to 12 hours daily. Teenagers need an average of nine hours sleep whilst adults’ sleep requirements vary widely, but most do well with seven to eight hours each night.

  • Rest is an important part of life’s rhythm. If you have trouble falling asleep, don’t reach for that sleep medication. Take a lukewarm bath. This is a helpful relaxation technique to soothe frailed nerves.
  • Daily engage in 30 to 60 minutes of active exercise. We have already mentioned that exercise can relax and balance your energy level and also can help banish depression and combat nervous tension, which may be blocking restful sleep.
  • The body flourishes on regular rhythms; maintaining as regular a schedule as possible for going to bed, getting up, eating, and exercising. Eat your evening meal at least four hours before bedtime; a resting stomach is more conducive to quality rest.
  • Learn to turn off your worries. Don’t take your office problems home to your bed. Clear consciences, a tranquil mind with a grateful mind are the pillows to sleep on.
  • Avoid caffeine if you are having sleep problems. Caffeine found in coffee, tea and many so called soft drinks over-stimulates the nervous systems of most people. Don’t use alcohol as a sedative. It makes the brain and nervous system restless later at night. Your exercise should be early in the morning or late in the afternoon but no later than three hours before bedtime.
  • Count your blessings each night before you sleep. Fill your mind and heart with gratitude and thanksgiving to the Supreme Provider before you go to sleep and leave all your worries to Him.
  • Rest and relaxation does not only mean sleep. Prayer and Meditation should become a part of relaxation as one gets older. Studies show that regular Prayer and Meditation not only reduces the effects of stress, insomnia, anxiety and depression, but also slows down the ageing process.

Just as we need adequate sleep, we also need regular sleep schedules. Jet lag is the most obvious and best known manifestation of severely disrupted sleep routines, but any irregular sleep pattern can stress both the body and the mind.  Sleep deprivation and irregular sleep patterns are implicated in heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, overeating, drug and alcohol abuse, and depression. People who do not get enough sleep or who are unable to sleep according to a regular schedule are almost certainly shortening their lives. Sleep deprivation also compromises the immune system, rendering one more susceptible to illnesses of all kinds, from colds to cancer.

Trust in Divine Power and Direction is the ultimate way of life. Trust in Divine Power means getting to know God or the Supreme well enough to trust Him for your present and future well-being. The ultimate goal is not just good health and long life but spiritual growth towards the Divine. Spiritual qualities have to be striven for; divine gifts such as peace,  joy, love and forgiveness come through the cultivation of our spiritual nature. 
Man should be a synthesis of mind, body and Spirit. For centuries it was believed that body, mind and spirit were separate entities, functioning independently of each other. The relation that exists between the mind and the body is now known to be very intimate. We now know that negative states of mind such as anger, fear, resentment, distrust and suspicion produce effects on the body that weakens the immune system and open the door to illness and disease. Holding bitterness and hatred and such negative thoughts can cause sickness. Cherishing positive thoughts of joy, forgiveness and hope does uplift bodily health with vivifying spirit.

Health and fitness, wealth and fame good looks and power are not enough. God has reserved a special place for Himself in every person’s heart; as long as that space is vacant, everything the world has to offer will not fill it. Life will still be empty and disappointing. It is said that, “Growing old is a blessing when you’re growing closer to God.”

Growing old is a blessing when you’re growing closer to God

As in most Religions, Prayer and Meditation are primary tools for spiritual development and getting in touch with God. It is said by one Teacher of mankind, Edgar Cayce that ‘thru prayer we speak to God; in Meditation God speaks to us.’ Thru regular Prayer and Meditation, you can increase your brain function, transform and eliminate stress and attain Peace. Thru the practice of Meditation you can erase false beliefs and negative subconscious patterns that cause disease. Thru prayer and meditation you can access your super-conscious mind where all miracles originate.



A good Example is one who knows the Way, shows the way and Walks the Way. In each issue we celebrate those who thru their works and lifestyle inspire us to right Living. In this issue we celebrate Dr Nelson Mandela. There are certain people who exude a kind of quiet composure. They may not say much, but they go about their business with an air of calm deliberation. Their presence is comforting because they are centered in true spiritual values. For us, Dr Nelson Mandela demonstrate the attitudes we elicit for a long and healthy life; such attitudes as Temperance and Trust in the Supreme.


Nelson Mandela is one of the world’s most revered statesmen, who led the struggle to replace the apartheid regime of South Africa with a multi-racial democracy.  Jailed for 27 years, he emerged to become the country’s first black president and to play a leading role in the drive for peace in other spheres of conflict. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. His charisma, humility, self-deprecating sense of humor and lack of bitterness over his harsh treatment, as well as his amazing life story, partly explain his extraordinary global appeal.

He was born 18 July 1918 into the Xhosa-speaking Thembu people in a small village in the Eastern Cape of South Africa. In South Africa, he is often called by his clan name – “Madiba”. As the world’s most famous prisoner and, now, his country’s leader, he exemplifies a moral integrity that shines far beyond South Africa Seen as strong willed. Most people associate a strong man with a strong will to do what is right. Showing restraint, moderation and contentment when all others are giving into their temptations Madiba sent a clear message to all around that he is a man with convictions. He exhibited modesty, humility, liberality, and brotherly love, key traits in manliness and in his success story. The ability to control one’s celebration in victory (or one’s mourning in defeat) shows wonderful temperance. Modesty is also one of the key Royal human virtues already mentioned above. This virtue can also be described as having great humility. He has taught us in his life-time how to overcome the previously mentioned 7 Deadly Sins.

Be a role model. If you don’t or can’t show restraint for yourself, then do it for others – especially your children. Kids are like sponges and will see you as the parent as “the way to do things”. They see their parents as superheroes that will always show them the right way of doing things. If you are not showing self-discipline and self-control when it comes to certain vices, how would you expect them to show it as well? If you don’t have kids, then do it for the people who love you. They give their love unconditionally, but there is no better way to pay them back for their love by being a good role model.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *